.slideDown()

.slideDown( [ duration ], [ callback ] ) Returns: jQuery

Description: Display the matched elements with a sliding motion.

  • version added: 1.0.slideDown( [ duration ], [ callback ] )

    durationA string or number determining how long the animation will run.

    callbackA function to call once the animation is complete.

The .slideDown() method animates the height of the matched elements. This causes lower parts of the page to slide down, making way for the revealed items.

Durations are given in milliseconds; higher values indicate slower animations, not faster ones. The strings 'fast' and 'slow' can be supplied to indicate durations of 200 and 600 milliseconds, respectively. If any other string is supplied, or if the duration parameter is omitted, the default duration of 400 milliseconds is used.

If supplied, the callback is fired once the animation is complete. This can be useful for stringing different animations together in sequence. The callback is not sent any arguments, but this is set to the DOM element being animated. If multiple elements are animated, it is important to note that the callback is executed once per matched element, not once for the animation as a whole.

We can animate any element, such as a simple image:

<div id="clickme">
  Click here
</div>
<img id="book" src="book.png" alt="" width="100" height="123" />

With the element initially hidden, we can show it slowly:

$('#clickme').click(function() {
  $('#book').slideDown('slow', function() {
    // Animation complete.
  });
});

Examples:

Example: Animates all divs to slide down and show themselves over 600 milliseconds.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <style>
div { background:#de9a44; margin:3px; width:80px; 
height:40px; display:none; float:left; }
</style>
  <script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-latest.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
	Click me!
<div></div>
<div></div>
<div></div>
<script>
$(document.body).click(function () {
if ($("div:first").is(":hidden")) {
$("div").slideDown("slow");
} else {
$("div").hide();
}
});

</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo:

Example: Animates all inputs to slide down, completing the animation within 1000 milliseconds. Once the animation is done, the input look is changed especially if it is the middle input which gets the focus.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <style>
div { background:#cfd; margin:3px; width:50px; 
text-align:center; float:left; cursor:pointer;
border:2px outset black; font-weight:bolder; }
input { display:none; width:120px; float:left; 
margin:10px; }
</style>
  <script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-latest.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
	<div>Push!</div>
<input type="text" />
<input type="text" class="middle" />

<input type="text" />
<script>
$("div").click(function () {
$(this).css({ borderStyle:"inset", cursor:"wait" });
$("input").slideDown(1000,function(){
$(this).css("border", "2px red inset")
.filter(".middle")
 .css("background", "yellow")
 .focus();
$("div").css("visibility", "hidden");
});
});

</script>
</body>
</html>

Demo: