Using multiple column layouts isn't generally recommended on a mobile device because of the narrow screen width, but there are times where you may need to place small elements side-by-side (like buttons or navigation tabs, for example).
The jQuery Mobile framework provides a simple way to build CSS-based columns through a block style class convention called
There are four preset configurations layouts that can be used in any situation that requires columns:
Grids are 100% width, completely invisible (no borders or backgrounds) and don't have padding or margins, so they shouldn't interfere with the styles of elements placed inside them.
Within the grid container, child elements are assigned
ui-block-a/b/c/d/e in a sequential manner which makes each "block" element float side-by-side, forming the grid. The
ui-block-a class essentially clears the floats which will start a new line (see multiple row grids, below).
To build a two-column (50/50%) layout, start with a container with a
ui-grid-a, and add two child containers inside it classed with
ui-block-a for the first column and
ui-block-b for the second:
<div class="ui-grid-a"> <div class="ui-block-a"><strong>I'm Block A</strong> and text inside will wrap</div> <div class="ui-block-b"><strong>I'm Block B</strong> and text inside will wrap</div> </div><!-- /grid-a -->
The above markup produces the following content layout:
As you see above, by default grid blocks have no visual styling; they simply present content side-by-side.
Grid classes can be applied to any container. In this next example, we add
ui-grid-a to a
fieldset, and apply the
ui-block classes to the container of each of the two buttons inside to stretch them each to 50% of the screen width:
<fieldset class="ui-grid-a"> <div class="ui-block-a"><button type="submit" data-theme="c">Cancel</button></div> <div class="ui-block-b"><button type="submit" data-theme="b">Submit</button></div> </fieldset>
Please note that the framework adds left and right margin to buttons in a grid. For a single button you can use a container with class
ui-grid-solo and wrap the button in a div with class
ui-block-a like the example below. This way the button will get the same margin.
<div class="ui-grid-a"> <div class="ui-block-a"><button type="button" data-theme="c">Previous</button></div> <div class="ui-block-b"><button type="button" data-theme="c">Next</button></div> </div> <div class="ui-grid-solo"> <div class="ui-block-a"><button type="v" data-theme="b">More</button></div> </div>
Theme classes (not data-theme attributes) from the theming system can be added to an element, including grids. On the blocks below, we're adding two classes:
ui-bar to add the default bar padding and
ui-bar-e to apply the background gradient and font styling for the "e" toolbar theme swatch. For illustration purposes, an inline
style="height:120px" attribute is also added to each grid to set each to a standard height.
The other grid layout configuration uses
class=ui-grid-b on the parent, and 3 child container elements, each with its respective
ui-block-a/b/c class, to create a three-column layout (33/33/33%). Note: These blocks are also styled with theme classes so the grid layout is clearly visible.
<div class="ui-grid-b"> <div class="ui-block-a">Block A</div> <div class="ui-block-b">Block B</div> <div class="ui-block-c">Block C</div> </div><!-- /grid-b -->
This will produce a 33/33/33% grid for our content.
And an example of a 3 column grid with buttons inside:
A four-column, 25/25/25/25% grid is created by specifying
class=ui-grid-c on the parent and adding a fourth block. Note: These blocks are also styled with theme classes so the grid layout is clearly visible.
A five-column, 20/20/20/20/20% grid is created by specifying
class=ui-grid-d on the parent and adding a fifth block. Note: These blocks are also styled with theme classes so the grid layout is clearly visible.
Grids are designed to wrap to multiple rows of items. For example, if you specify a 3-column grid (ui-grid-b) on a container that has nine child blocks, it will wrap to 3 rows of 3 items each. There is a CSS rule to clear the floats and start a new line when the
class=ui-block-a is seen so make sure to assign block classes in a repeating sequence (a, b, c, a, b, c, etc.) that maps to the grid type:
Grids are helpful for creating layouts within a toolbar. Here's a footer with a 4 column grid.